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Paeonia lactiflora - White Peony Root 101

White Peony Root (Paeonia lactiflora) Frequently Asked Questions

Curious about Paeonia lactiflora (White Peony Root) herbal extract? Check out these resources from our site or scroll down to find answers to common questions. If you have more questions, reach out!

Do you sell Paeonia (White Peony Root) extract?

Yes! You can order Paeonia as an all-natural herbal supplement from our online store.

Are White Peony Root, Paeonia lactiflora, and Bai Shao Yao the same?

Yes! Paeonia lactiflora also goes by the names White Peony Root and Bai Shao Yao. It’s also called garden peony and Chinese peony. We like to call it the Beautiful Healer.

Other names include Chi Shao, Common Peony, Coral Peony, Cortex Moutan, European Peony, Jiu Chao Bai Shao, Moutan, Mu Dan Pi, Paeonia, Paeonia alba, Paeonia albiflora, Paeonia anomala, Paeonia arborea, Paeonia arietina, Paeonia beresowskii, Paeonia caucasica, Paeonia corallina, Paeonia coriacea, Paeonia daurica, Paeonia japonica, Paeonia kavachensis, Paeonia mascula, Paeonia microcarpa, Paeonia moutan, Paeonia obovata, Paeonia officinalis, Paeonia paradoxa, Paeonia suffruticosa, Paeonia triternata, Paeonia veitchii, Paeonia willmottiae, Paeonia woodwardii, Paeoniae flos, Paeoniae radix, Peony Flower, Peony Root, Piney, Pivoine, Pivoine arbustive, Pivoine Blanche, Pivoine Commune, Pivoine de Chine, Pivoine des Jardins, Pivoine en Arbre, Pivoine Moutan, Pivoine officinale, Pivoine Rouge, Racine de Pivoine, Radix paeoniae, Radix paeoniae Alba, Radix paeoniae rubra, Radix Peony, Red Peony, Shakuyaku, Shao Yao, Tree Peony, Ud Saleeb, Udsalam, and Udsalap.

What are its health benefits?

Our Paeonia lactiflora is a concentrated extract from the root. It is standardized to 10% TGP (Total Glucosides of Peony). There are no added ingredients.

A decoction of the dried sliced root has been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, gout, hepatitis, dysmenorrhea, muscle cramping and spasms, and chronic fever. Therapeutic uses have been the subject of recent scientific research concerning its ability to modulate the immune system.

Paeonia is valued for its healing and rejuvenating powers. The main use is in support of immune system health and reduce inflammation. Therapeutic uses also include supporting the proper function of the colon, lungs, liver, and spleen. Highly revered in China, Korea, and Japan, it is believed to serve as a blood tonic, reduce fatigue, protect the brain, and provide support for many body systems. It has been used to support the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, hepatitis, dysmenorrhea, muscle cramping and spasms, and fever for over 2,000 years.

The water/ethanol extract of the root contains more than 15 components and is known as total glucosides of peony (TGP). TPG has exhibited anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects.

What are its analgesic effects?

Paeonia lactiflora has long been used to relieve pain effectively. Paeoniflorin, a key active ingredient in the herb, may help relieve colorectal pain and visceral hyperalgesia. The Adenosine A1 receptor mediates its analgesic effects.

What are its antioxidant properties?

TGP has proved effective against oxidative stress. Paeoniflorin exerts a neuroprotective effect against potential neurotoxicity among PC12 cells. It also inhibits the overload of calcium ions in the body. This property helps to protect the liver and kidney from diabetes-associated oxidative stress.

So it provides well-rounded support?

Yes. Its long list of health benefits indicates that Paeonia interacts with the immune, circulatory, digestive, nervous, and renal body systems. Today, it’s generally recognized that Paeonia supports a whole healthy lifestyle approach related to issues with cardiovascular disease, immunity, inflammation, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, psychological stress, and neurocognition. There is good reason to believe that a lifestyle-related approach to optimal health will benefit from support with Paeonia lactiflora as a health supplement.

Can it help with inflammation?

Yes! Painful, chronic diseases are on the rise, and autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus pose challenges to people who would otherwise lead healthy lives. Chronic reproductive problems such as endometriosis are commonly treated with toxic drugs that attempt to cover up the symptoms but don’t address the root of the issue. White Peony Root therapeutic uses include the treatment of many health issues in a healthy, non-toxic way.

Is White Peony Root a blood tonic?

Yes. A blood tonic is a traditional term for a concoction used for rheumatism, arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, anemia, fatigue, gout, inflammation, allergic reactions, chronic fever, and unspecific nerve pain. It shows antispasmodic properties and may help decrease inflammation and soothe nerve pain. It is also used as a topical treatment for hemorrhoids.

Does it support digestive and intestinal health?

Paeonia is traditionally used to support healthy digestion and address digestive disorders. It is regarded in traditional systems as being useful for constipation and irritable bowel caused by inflammation.

Does White Peony Root support heart health?

Paeonia is used to support heart health generally. It protects against oxidative stress and can reduce stress-related tension. It may also reduce platelet aggregation and relax blood vessels, improving circulation and lowering blood pressure.

Can it support healthy brain function?

Paeonia is a nootropic commonly used as a rejuvenator of the mind and a meditation support to increase clarity of thought. It’s also frequently used to support the treatment of cognitive deficits and to improve learning and memory. Modern research exploring this traditional use has been exciting. Studies have looked at unique neuro-protective qualities and cognitive-enhancing properties.

Can it help with nerve pain and migraines?

Paeonia is thought to help nerve pain and migraine headaches.

Can it help improve energy and awareness?

Paeonia is believed to increase energy, intelligence, and awareness.

Can it help manage stress?

Paeonia is an adaptogenic herb. Adaptogens help the body combat the effects of stress and enable the body to function normally during traumatic periods. It may help maintain the balance of the nerves when you’re under stress.

Does White Peony Root extract provide immune system support?

Paeonia has a long tradition as a support to the immune system. This traditional use has been the subject of recent scientific research concerning its ability to promote a healthy immune response and modulate the immune system.

Can it provide support for Parkinson’s disease?

A 2020 study published in Frontiers in Pharmacology revealed the mechanism of Paeonia lactiflora in supporting treatment of Parkinson’s disease. The study showed how Paeonia lactiflora, also called Chinese Peony and White Peony Root, may contribute to novel drug development for the disease.

According to the study, Paeonia lactiflora may provide support for common neurodegenerative diseases by slowing neurodegeneration and thus reducing neuroinflammation and inhibiting intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis. It may also improve motor and non-motor symptoms by regulating the levels of neurotransmitters.

Can it support treatment for psoriasis?

Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin inflammatory condition. Macrophages T-helper cells and neutrophils provoke inflammation, resulting in skin lesions. Paeoniflorin extracted from Paeonia’s roots has been found effective in providing natural anti-inflammatory support in the treatment of this autoimmune condition.

Although the herb has proved effective against psoriasis, clinical studies are still being conducted to determine the mechanism of relieving infiltrated immune cells. Some studies show that Paeoniflorin reduces the number of macrophages (F4/80(+)CD68(+), hence regulating cytokine production. The bioactive ingredient also suppresses neutrophils and inhibits the expression of inflammatory protein-2.

Can it support treatment for Sjögren’s Syndrome?

Sjögren’s syndrome refers to a systemic autoimmune condition where lymphocytes infiltrate the exocrine glands. This condition often occurs alongside other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis. The Journal of Clinical Rheumatology indicates that TGPs may be effective in the primary treatment of Sjögren’s syndrome. The natural anti-inflammatory properties help to alleviate dryness of the mouth and eyes and reduce the fatigue that usually occurs among patients with this condition.

Does it support eye health?

Paeonia supports healthy vision by reducing the incidence of dry eye.

Are the health benefits of White Peony Root backed by science?

The short answer is “yes.”

A 2020 study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology concludes that total glucosides of paeony (TGP), the main active ingredient of the root of the Paeonia lactiflora plant, may help to regulate anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. The study, titled “Total Glucosides of Paeony: A Review of Its Phytochemistry, Role in Autoimmune Diseases, and Mechanisms of Action,” reviews Paeonia anti inflammation potential and highlights the clinical efficacy of TGP in providing support for immune diseases. It also provides a reference for the continued scientific study of TGP in order to fully realize its clinical value.

Here’s what a study published in Frontiers in Pharmacology says about its anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects and other health benefits: “In China, Korea, and Japan, a decoction of the dried root without bark of Paeonia lactiflora Pall. has been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, hepatitis, dysmenorrhea, muscle cramping and spasms, and fever for more than 2,000 years.

“[A water/ethanol extract of the root known as total glucosides of peony (TGP)] exerts anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting the production of inflammatory mediators. … TGP was also reported to have protective effects of cells against oxidative stress. … The anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of TGP provide the therapeutic basis in the treatment of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus.”

You can read more scientific studies at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) website.

How did you choose your White Peony Root supplier?

For each of the products we sell, company owner Michael Van der Linden and members of our team do substantial research, visit the source, and meet with the collectors and processors personally. We back up our faith in our source and our processors with testing.

Can you describe the plant?

Paeonia lactiflora is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Paeoniaceae with fleshy roots and stout, erect, branched, glabrous annual stems. It can grow up to 60–100 cm tall with large compound leaves 20–40 cm long. The flower buds are large and round, opening into large flowers 8–16 cm diameter, with 5–10 white, pink, or crimson petals and yellow stamens.

The fruit is a capsule with shiny black seeds. The roots and seeds have a slight degree of bitterness and astringency. It is native to east Asia and is grown on dry open stony slopes, riverbanks, and sparse woodland edges. The root is dug in summer or autumn from cultivated plants that are 4–5 years old and then cleaned with water.

What’s the history of the plant?

It is said that the ancient Greek healer Paeos used the roots of the white flowering Ranunculaceae plant to heal the gods injured during the Trojan wars. From thereafter it was known as Paeonia. It was recorded as an essential extract in the Materia Medica during the Han Dynasty (2nd century B.C.E.). An old Chinese proverb says that a woman who consumes the root of the peony every day becomes as beautiful as the Peony flower itself.

How do I consume White Peony Root extract?

Add 1/2 teaspoon of concentrate to 8 ounces of water, a cup of juice, a cup of tea, or your favorite inflammation relief smoothie. Stir until dissolved. Drink 1-2 glasses a day. Alternative: 1/4 teaspoon before breakfast, and 1/4 teaspoon after dinner before bed.

Does it contain caffeine?


What phytochemicals does it include?

Phytochemicals are chemical compounds produced by plants. They help plants thrive or thwart competitors, predators, or pathogens.

Tannins: 1,2,3,6-tetra-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose, (+)-catechin and 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose

Glucosides: paeoniflorin, oxy-paeoniflorin, benzoylpaooniflorin, albiflorin R1, paeoniflorigenone, galloylpaeoniflorin, (Z)-(1S,5R)-β-pinen-10-yl-β-vicianoside,lacioflorin, paeonilactones (A-C), & daucos-terol, galloylpaeoniflorin, paeonin,paeonolide, and paeonol

Sterols: campesterol , 4-hydroxyacetopenone, kaempferol, 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoic acid, hederagenin

What if I have more questions?

Contact us or visit our online store!

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